Physical Modalities​

Instruments or machines can be used to induce therapeutic effects for both musculoskeletal and neurological disorders that are not readily possible with manual therapies or therapeutic exercises.  Common examples of physical modalities used in horses include cryotherapy or tissue heating modalities.  Low-level laser therapy has been shown to be effective in reducing acute back pain and improving function in performance horses.  Similarly, extracorporeal shockwave therapy has been shown to be effective in reducing back pain during a series of three treatment sessions.

Haussler, K.K.; Manchon, P.T.; Donnell,.R.; Frisbie, D.D. Effects of low-level laser therapy and chiropractic care on back pain in Quarter Horses. J Equine Vet Sci 2020, 86, 102891, doi:1J0.1016/j.jevs.2019.102891.

Trager, L.R.; Funk, R.A.; Clapp, K.S.; Dahlgren, L.A.; Werre, S.R.; Hodgson, D.R.; Pleasant, R.S. Extracorporeal shockwave therapy raises mechanical nociceptive threshold in horses with thoracolumbar pain. Equine Vet. J. 2020, 52, 250-257, doi:10.1111/evj.13159.