Spinal Evaluation

Examination of the neuromusculoskeletal system begins with a thorough medical history, detailed discussion of the chief complaint, and observation of the patient from a distance for evaluation of conformation, posture, and signs of lameness. A thorough physical examination, coupled with orthopedic and neurologic evaluation, is used to identify common causes of limb lameness or neurological disorders.

A detailed spinal examination helps to identify compensatory or concurrent musculoskeletal issues not readily diagnosed with traditional medical or surgical approaches. The spinal evaluation focuses on evaluating and localizing segmental vertebral dysfunction, which is characterized by sensitivity or pain, muscle hypertonicity, and stiffness.