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Diagnosis and Management of Spinal Pain and Dysfunction in Horses

This course module provides a basic introduction to neurophysiologic principles related to axial skeleton pain. Content includes information of the pain sensitive tissues with the axial skeleton, spinal pain mechanisms, and subjective and objective measures of musculoskeletal pain in horses. Neuroanatomical descriptions of nociceptors and other spinal tissue receptors that contribute to acute and chronic pain syndromes are included. Spinal pain mechanisms are reviewed as they relate to peripheral and central sensitization, ganglionitis, and effects on mechanoreception and motor control issues. An introduction to the physical, functional, and behavioral aspects of pain are presented.