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This course module provides the foundation needed to evaluate horses with neck pain and dysfunction.
Content includes detailed anatomical studies that describe and illustrate individual muscles within the
cervical region. Biomechanical descriptions provide insights into the functional features of the cervical
muscles, ligaments, articulations, and vertebrae. Detailed characterization and examples of soft tissue,
neurologic, and articular pathology affecting the cervical region are provided. A structured outline is
presented for comprehensive physical examination of the cervical region. Evidence-based treatment
approaches are discussed based on currently available research.